Donating Old Sewing Supplies

I was at my local Salvation Army the other day — they have the best prices in town for dresses, you know — and I wondered suddenly why I hadn’t seen any sewing patterns there.  So I asked.  The answer?  Salvation Army sends all sewing patterns to RECYCLING.  As in, turned into paper pulp and destroyed.  They do the same thing with fabric.

“We don’t get in a ton of them,” the cashier said helpfully, “just, like, when someone dies and all their stuff gets donated.”  I was standing there open-mouthed in horror — because, as any vintage sewing junkie knows, the very nicest — and most valuable — sewing patterns are the ones that have been stashed in someone’s house for fifty years: in other words, the very patterns that the cashier was talking about.

I offered to buy all the patterns they got in — ALL OF THEM — and they wouldn’t do it.  They didn’t have time to call me when they got any, they said.  So I offered to come by, say, once a week to retrieve any patterns (and to pay for them, mind you).  No go.  The manager wouldn’t even come out to talk to me about it.  So I emailed the regional headquarters — twice.  After three weeks, they still have not replied to my emails.

Besides being wasteful and detrimental to the preservation of historic items, this is not environmentally friendly behavior — as we all know, REUSE always comes before RECYCLE.  Recycling things that can be reused is a waste of resources.

If this wanton destruction of fashion history horrifies you (and it should), here’s what you should do:

  1. Email your regional Salvation Army and request that they start carrying sewing patterns in their stores instead of recycling them.
  2. In the meantime, tell all your friends and family NOT to donate sewing supplies to Salvation Army.
  3. If you have old sewing supplies that you want to get rid of, either contact me ;) or take them to a small local thrift store.

I’ve also heard from one of my vintage pattern friends on Facebook that some Goodwill stores also do not accept patterns — if you take anything there, check before you drop it off.

If you have things to donate and aren’t sure where to send them, here are some examples of places that accept patterns and sewing supplies:

  • For the Nashville, TN, area — Thriftsmart takes sewing patterns and offers sewing classes.
  • For the Athens, GA, area — Project Safe sells fabric — even fabric scraps! — and patterns. All the proceeds help abused women and children.
  • For the Tullahoma, TN, area — Attic Outlet sells patterns and fabric.

Again, most small local thrift stores sell sewing patterns — if you know any others that do, feel free to leave a comment!

Posted in Antiquing Adventures, Ruminating, Reminiscing, & Rambling | Tagged , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Hating Facebook Is Like Hating a Hammer

It’s quite popular these days to talk about how much you hate Facebook. “I should really delete my account,” a friend sighs, “but I just can’t do it.”  Another friend is convinced that Facebook is the root of all communication problems — “Every time I post something, someone gets mad at me.”  And another friend keeps disappearing and reappearing every few weeks — I go to tag him in a photo, and oops, looks like he’s gone again.

I would argue, however, that hating Facebook is like hating a hammer just because you happened to smash your thumb with it.  If you’re not using it properly, then it’s quite likely that you WILL smash your thumb.  If you use Facebook to stalk that ex-boyfriend or to play Candy Crush or whatever, then yes, it’s probably a complete waste of time.

Facebook is about connecting with people.  That’s the point.  If you’re having trouble managing your social media, here’s a reminder of what you should be using it for:

Keeping Up with Old Friends

Facebook is a good way to send a quick message to a friend you haven’t seen in a while — you don’t have to keep up with his/her latest email address.  It’s a good way, for instance, to keep up with people from church back home — next time you visit, you have something to talk about instead of just standing around in an awkward fashion.

Of course, just as in real life, you can also have relational disasters that are facilitated through Facebook — like that one time I thought it would be brilliant to organize a get-together with three friends from elementary school.  Even though we’d all agreed on a date, time, and place, they never showed and never called — and my brother, sister, and I, after waiting for forty-five minutes, ended up eating about twelve servings of crusted chicken Parmesan and chocolate mousse by ourselves.  This, however, seems to have been a horrifying lack of basic etiquette rather than a Facebook problem (and, by the way, if you’re one of the people involved and you’re reading this, you still owe me an explanation).

Meeting New Friends

Facebook can be a great way to meet people — I’m in several Facebook groups on vintage fashion, and they’ve got all the same people in them.  We’re all somewhat “acquainted” with each other.  I’m friends with one or two of them — and it’s great moral support to realize that others have the same struggles as you (you know, like spending hours sewing a vintage blouse and then having a freak-out episode because you finally finish it and decide it looks like a clown outfit — this actually did happen both to me and to a Facebook friend within two weeks of each other — hers was actually adorable, and mine needed to have a neckline bow de-interfaced, but that’s another story).

You can also become better friends with acquaintances — I have one friend on Facebook whom I had met exactly one time during high school.  What do you know, but we ended up swapping recipes and having a mutually beneficial Facebook relationship.

Keeping Up with the News

I use Facebook to keep up with the news.  If it’s important, then it will appear instantly on Facebook (I discovered that they’d killed Bin Laden about fifteen minutes after it hit the news websites — just because everyone was talking about it in my newsfeed).

Learning New Information

Facebook can be a fantastic resource for learning new things.  As I previously mentioned, I’m in several Facebook groups — the most helpful is one that’s oriented around dating vintage clothing.  Not only do I have a whole group of very knowledgeable people available when I can’t identify something, but I get to see everything that they post, too — and it’s a valuable learning experience that’s highly applicable to what I’m studying.

Then there are the Facebook pages.  Two in particular are my favorites — Mid Century Fashion and Living-Fifties-Fashion.  These two wonderful ladies post pictures every day — fashion photographs and vintage advertisements.  I even have one of them to thank for my current research topic — I was scrolling through my newsfeed one day, and I came across a vintage maternity sewing pattern that one of them had posted.  “Huh,” I thought, “I didn’t know that those existed!”  And that was the beginning of my thesis topic.

 

So, if you’re having trouble with Facebook, don’t just up and delete it.  Maybe delete some people — or just hide them from your newsfeed, which is the more polite thing to do — and block some games, and join some different groups and pages that will help you grow as a person instead of wasting your time (if you don’t have any ideas, then this page and this page might be fun places to start — not that I’m biased or anything).  Remember — Facebook is just a tool that you can use in any way you would like to.

Thank you for joining me for my soapbox rant today.

Posted in Ruminating, Reminiscing, & Rambling | 2 Comments

Two Excellent & Easy Recipes for Macaroni and Cheese

Finding a good macaroni and cheese recipe became a little bit of an obsession while I was in college.  I finally got one — actually, I got two.  Today I wanted to share these two macaroni and cheese recipes with y’all.  Why two?  I like having multiple good recipes for one item.  I don’t always plan my menus ahead, and sometimes which recipe I use depends on which items I happen to have on hand.

Classic Macaroni and Cheese

This is a good basic, made from a traditional medium white sauce with the addition of a little dry mustard for some extra flavor.

Serves about 3-4 as a side dish.

  • 2 Tbsp. butter
  • 2 Tbsp. flour
  • 1/4 tsp. salt
  • 1/2 tsp. dry mustard
  • 1 c. milk
  • 1 c. cheese
  • 1/2 box of macaroni or whatever pasta shape you prefer

Cook and drain pasta according to package directions.  Do not rinse.  In small pot over medium heat, melt butter.  Whisk in flour, salt, and dry mustard; add milk (this makes a medium white sauce).  Cook and stir over medium heat until thickened.  Add approx. of grated cheese (I generally use cheddar, but other types work, too) and stir until melted.  Stir cooked pasta and sauce together in a Corning Ware or other oven-safe dish.  Can be served as-is immediately, or top with a little more cheese and bake, covered, at 350 degrees up to 25 minutes if desired (this can be a good trick if your macaroni is finished before your other dishes).

Creamy Macaroni and Cheese

This was adapted from a recipe from my friend Clair.  I made it at my parents’ house over Christmas, and my dad said it was the best mac-and-cheese he’d ever had.  I think it’s my new favorite too.

Approx. 6-8 servings as a side dish.

  • 1 can cheddar cheese soup
  • 1-1/2 c. milk
  • 2 c. grated cheese (I used cheddar; use whatever you prefer)
  • Approx. 1-1/2 c. sour cream
  • 1 box macaroni or whatever pasta shape you prefer

Cook and drain pasta according to package directions.  Do not rinse.  In small pot over medium heat, whisk together cheddar cheese soup and milk until hot; add sour cream and cheese and whisk until combined and melted.  Stir cooked pasta and sauce together in a Corning Ware or other oven-safe dish.  Can be served as-is immediately, or top with a little more cheese (optional) and bake, covered, at 300-350 degrees up to 30 minutes.

Posted in In the Kitchen, Side Dishes | Leave a comment

Is Barbie an Unrealistic Menace? Evaluating Barbie in the Historic Context of the New Look

Barbie gets a bad rap these days.  She’s mocked for her body shape.  She’s translated into “real measurements” ad infinitum.  Mothers refuse to let their daughters play with Barbie because they might catch a “bad body image” from her.  Barbie is anti-feminist.  Barbie makes women feel bad.  Barbie is evil.  We’ve all heard it — over, and over, and over.  And it’s getting old.  When we look at Barbie qualitatively — from a dressmaking perspective and an historic perspective, instead of just “by the numbers,” an alternate picture presents itself.

First of all, let’s take a quick look at Barbie’s careers.  Feminists should love Barbie, really.  According to this article, Barbie has over 130 careers, even running for President before any other woman.  If there’s any doll that might influence a girl to be everything she can possibly be, it’s Barbie.

With that out of the way, let’s talk about what Barbie looks like with clothes. All the measurements on Barbie are taken sans clothing — and it’s a distortion.  The other day, I came across this great blog post that does a visual comparison of Barbie’s waistline with and without her clothes. I quote Amanda:

“Do you know why Barbie . . . has such a small waist? Proportion and scale. Fabric doesn’t scale down that much. Once the clothes are around that tiny waist, she begins to look more “normal” because the seams around the waist add bulk.”

There are only so many things you can do to shrink Barbie clothes. As Amanda observed, fabric has to be a certain thickness.  We can’t dress Barbie in tissue paper.  In addition, clothes really can’t be made — in any size — with less than 1/4″ seam allowance.  If you check out the interior side seam of any T-shirt in your dresser drawer, you’ll find that the seam allowance is probably 1/4″.  This means that you and Barbie have the same seam allowance on your clothes.  Let me translate that: Regardless of the significant size difference between you and Barbie, you both have same amount of excess fabric taking up space on the interior of the garment.  On an 11-1/2″ doll, that’s a lot of bulk.

Let’s look at Barbie — dressed, since we’re civilized people and don’t judge others by how they look unclothed — and compare her to some other images.

2012-02-08-Barbie6edit.jpgAbove, here’s a photo of Barbie, in one of her original dresses from 1960.  Please note that she looks quite normal (and if you click the picture, it takes you to the article where I found it — quite a fun read).

http://sewingpatternheaven.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Simplicity-1446-1.jpgNow here’s a women’s sewing pattern that’s nearly identical to Barbie’s dress shown above (again, linked to the source — decent price for an adorable vintage sewing pattern, too).

Do notice that Barbie in the first photo is much more realistically proportioned than the drawing on the sewing pattern envelope.

Now, here’s something else to think about. In 1959, when Barbie came out, the New Look was still in full force in popular American fashion. Let’s run a Google Image search for “New Look.”

New-Look-Hero.jpgHere’s our number one result, from Vogue.com, depicting a woman in a Dior outfit. Does her silhouette remind you of anyone we know? A plastic, 11-1/2″ someone?

The New Look was introduced in 1947 — a very feminine fashion that reacted against the restricted styles of WWII.  It consisted of a full bust, a very fitted waist, and either a full skirt (pictured above) or a slim-fitting pencil skirt.  This silhouette — the hourglass shape — dominated fashion from 1947 into the early 1960s.  It was THE fashion of the era.

Barbie’s shape wasn’t some diabolical scheme to make girls feel bad about their bodies. Barbie was simply the New Look, in doll form.

Now, here’s something else about the New Look — achieving this look typically required the use of various undergarments for shape.  Full skirts were achieved by petticoats; tiny waists were shaped by girdles; and full busts required uplifting bras, extra fullness in the bodice, and sometimes even padding.  But who puts girdles and bras on dolls?  Barbie is just the woman of the 1950s with all of her supporting undergarments already incorporated into her shape. Dressed, Barbie looks like Mary Tyler Moore, Donna Reed, Marilyn Monroe, or even Andy Griffith’s girlfriend Ellie (if you don’t believe me, look them up!). And when was the last time we kept a girl from watching Andy Griffith because it might be “injurious to her self esteem”? Yeah, right.

With all the Photoshopping that we see in magazines or Photoshopped ads from Target, don’t you think maybe we’re overreacting a little bit to Barbie’s historic New Look figure?  If I had a daughter and were choosing whether to let her watch television, look at a magazine, or play with Barbies, I’d rather her be playing with Barbies any day.  Barbie is a woman in good shape, yes — no one would mistake her for being portly — but an unrealistic woman?  Not when you look at her in her historic context.

Posted in Ruminating, Reminiscing, & Rambling | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

How to Create a Sewing Pattern Inventory Database

I am pleased to announce that, after hours of research and experimentation, I have finally found what I consider to be the perfect solution to my years-old question of “how do I organize my sewing patterns??”

The quick answer: Evernote.  For a more detailed explanation, keep reading.

I have over 500 sewing patterns (432 cataloged at present, not counting the ones I found that I somehow had forgotten to catalog, and I just bought a box of, oh, maybe 85 or 90 more a couple weeks ago because they were an incredible bargain). After coming home with those 85-90 new patterns, I decided that I had to do SOMETHING.

Previously, I had tried using a Microsoft Works database — Microsoft, however, decided to discontinue Works, so I had to go through an arduous process to convert my database to Excel. In that arduous process, I lost some information (can you see my lovely size “41386″ on the vintage Bridal Elegance pattern below? Yeah, I don’t know what that means either. It actually said something back when it was in Works).

Screenshot of Excel sewing pattern database.

My Excel sewing pattern database.

But here’s my problem: I’m a very visual person, and the description “dress with pencil skirt” means very, very little to me. And that was all I had in Excel. So any time I wanted to find a pattern, I went and dug through boxes. Lots of boxes. Five hundred patterns’ worth of boxes.

I experimented with several different options in my search for pattern inventory nirvana.  One of the first things I tried was Pattern-File.  They have a very cool program, and it has a great feature whereby you can enter a pattern number, and (most of the time) it will pop up the pattern and enter it for you.  This saves a LOT of time.  The drawback for me, however, is that I’m a grad student on a grad student budget; while Pattern-File is very reasonably priced ($4.99 per month), I don’t like being tied into another monthly or annual bill. The other drawback, for me, is that I’m a bit of a control freak, and I like to be able to include all the information; as of February 2014, Pattern-File has no feature to list where a pattern came from or how much you paid, and the inclusion of that information was important to me (I love being able to look at my records and say, “Oh, look, Mrs. Peggy gave me that one! I had forgotten that!”). So I kept looking.

After several evenings shirking homework to research this problem, I downloaded Evernote.  It’s a very versatile program, it’s free (up to a point — I’ll explain that shortly), and it automatically backs up your stuff online every few minutes. It’s also saved to your computer, though, so you can do everything offline if necessary. Evernote can be accessed anywhere, and can be synchronized with a smartphone. So if you’re in the fabric store and Simplicity patterns are 99 cents and you can’t remember what you have, you can look it up very easily.  Evernote is very intuitive and easy to use, and has great search capability.

You can upload up to a certain number of megabytes per month, or pay $4.99 per month to upload up to 1gb per month. Normally, I think the basic free version will be quite sufficient; right now, though, since I’m uploading so many patterns, I bought one month of the premium version. I believe it’s a bargain. Once the data has been uploaded, they store it for you; it’s just the uploading itself that counts towards your monthly quota. Once I’m done entering the patterns and just enter the few that I buy every month or two, I should be just fine with the free version.

Here’s a screenshot of my Evernote account as it looks right now on my computer:

Evernote pattern database

Evernote pattern database.

When processing a pattern, I enter the title (company, pattern number, pattern title, date, and size), add all my purchase information (when, where, from whom, and how much I paid), typically add the brief description of the pattern from the back, and then add a picture of the front and back of the pattern.  Evernote has this great feature whereby you can drag a picture from any website directly into your “note,” and it will save it for you. So I just do a Google search for, say, “Vogue 8002,” and then drag in the picture. If it’s a pattern that’s still available, it’s even easier; you just drag the pictures and yardage requirements from the manufacturer’s website. Some manufacturers include their yardage as PDFs, and that’s okay too — you can attach the PDF in Evernote and it will show up just like a picture.  The last thing I do is add tags, which help with searching. This Vogue 8002, for instance, is tagged with the following: “B36, vintage, suit, 1950s, belt, blouse, top, skirt, jacket, favorite.” If I search for any one of those terms — or any of the words in the pattern description — Evernote will find all the patterns that match it.  Tags could also be utilized to aid in pattern organization (i.e., “Box 1, Box 2″), but I haven’t gotten that far yet.

Another helpful feature of Evernote is that you can divide it into different “Notebooks.” I currently have one notebook for all my patterns (I felt that, since Evernote is so search-friendly, only one notebook was necessary), and a second notebook for cataloging my historic photographs that I’m using for research (I buy a photo on eBay, drag the picture from the eBay listing over into Evernote, and there it is).

But back to the patterns — if you’re thorough in making sure you have all the yardages and other information entered, you could also take your Evernote with you to the fabric store.  This way, when you find that perfect fabric, you know exactly how much you should buy — and what size zipper it wants.

By the way, if you decide you want to try it out, I’d be very happy if you use my link from this page — I’ll get a month of the Evernote Premium free if you decide to try it out through the link. (I would like to note, however, that I discovered this AFTER deciding to write this article — I was writing it anyway, and that was just a nice little bonus!)

All in all, I’m perfectly thrilled my new system. It might even make me finally break down and get a smartphone.

UPDATE 3/26/14: I just discovered that you can show folders publicly by sending anyone a link — pretty fantastic feature if you want to show your friends which patterns you’ve got. :)

Posted in How-To, Mrs. Everett's Household Guide, Organization, The Lady's Workbasket | Tagged , , | 10 Comments

Fabulous Finds and Life Lessons from an Estate Sale

The Sale

My mom came to visit this weekend as a belated birthday present. Sewing/antique junkies that we are, we decided yesterday morning to head over to an antique store the next town over. As we were driving down the highway, we passed an estate sale sign — naturally, we made a U-turn. Lo and behold, it was the last day of the sale, and they were starting an auction in fifteen minutes to get rid of every last bit. A quick detour turned into an estate shopping marathon.  All the cheapskates were there, having grand fun. I was the youngest person present, and became somewhat popular. According to one man I was chatting with as I collected my finds, no one seriously bid against me on certain items because they all thought I was cute. Apparently they also all thought I was about seventeen years old (I’m 26).

As is usually the case, the estate sale was a paradoxical event — happy and sad, simultaneously. You can’t help but be thrilled that you’re getting some amazing buys, but sad when you see the boxes of 1940s pictures of their friends, unlabeled and going for three dollars; the hand-painted oil portrait of the daughter with no takers at ten dollars; the musty books in the basement — ALL OF THEM — for $7.50. The c. 1970s Viking sewing machine for $2 (which killed me, but I just can’t buy another sewing machine. And I couldn’t buy it for resale either, because — let’s face it — I would never actually part with it).

The Finds

My finds? I bought three big boxes of fabric for $6. I almost didn’t, because I hadn’t looked through them beforehand — I flipped through it in the middle of bidding, spotted a brocade, and then HAD to have it.  I bought an early 1900s book for a quarter, off the guy who had bought the entire bookcase for $7.50.  My mom bought a bed for the guest room — $5 — a pile of wool blankets, also $5. Then it moved upstairs — I bought eight hatpins for $5. The ENTIRE CLOSET — shoe rack, TV stand, dozens of scarves and belts, all the clothes, shoes, and purses — for $8.  And the treasure of all of it — a 1942 wedding dress, a veil, an 1890s yellow silk baby dress, a 1950s silk shirtwaist dress with belt, and a modern beaded formal dress — ALL FOR FIVE DOLLARS FOR THE LOT.  I think the auctioneer almost had a conniption.

In addition to all this, a sweet lady named Kristin, who found out that I’m a fashion student, gave me a three-ring notebook full of clippings from 1950s magazines from a bundle of books she had bought — she refused to take a penny for it. Another lady gave me a 1903 fashion magazine — she had bought the entire table of stuff in the bedroom.

Moomer and I loaded up all the finds (wonderful mother that she is, she loaded up most of it while I was having my drama over the $5 wedding dress lot, and also made sure I had lunch).  We sorted all the clothes — a big box for the Project Safe thrift store, another big box to try to sell to a local vintage store, and a pile for me.  We sorted all the fabric — threw some away because it was too mildewed, put a lot in a box to donate, and kept some — and then started doing multiple loads of laundry, because everything (except for the $5 wedding dress lot) was musty and icky.

The Surprise

When we got home, we went through the fabric, and lo and behold! The brocade I had spotted was genuine silk. And not just one piece — there were four pieces, all beautifully woven with different designs. They’re each about 5 yards long. Online, this type of fabric sells for between $20 and $100 per yard. If we calculate $20 per yard, then I have about $400 worth of fabric here, just counting that silk and not any of the rest. And I bought it all for $6.  The unfortunate thing is that it has some irreversible stains from the mildew damage (thankfully, only over parts of it).

The Truth

Let’s look at this again. Mrs. [Smith] passed away last month, leaving behind over $400 worth of silk brocade, untouched, mildewing in her basement. I bought it for $6.

When you have something nice, something fabulous, don’t save it for “later.” That “later” is a myth. “Later” is after you forget it’s even there. “Later” is after it’s become a nest for mice. “Later” is when that $400 item sells for $6, six weeks after your funeral.

Now, I’m not saying that you shouldn’t have nice things. I think you SHOULD have nice things. I think life is so much more fun when you feel good about your clothes, when you have fun hobbies, when you look at the ceiling and see that 1925 chandelier so many times every day.

So, your good china? Use it. If you lose a couple pieces in the using, so what — at least you’ve enjoyed it. Your silk that you bought in New York in 2008? Cut it and stitch it already (I’m looking at you, Charity Everett). For cryin’ out loud, even Christmas candles — don’t pack them away year after year until they’re dusty and warped! Light them.

Because even if you live to be 93 like Mrs. Smith — later will always catch up to you.

Leaving you with this supremely cheerful thought, I’m going to examine my musty silk scarves again and try to figure out how to air them out so I can wear some of them next week.  While I’m on the subject, any suggestions for those? I know I can’t hand wash them, since even the damp made some of the colors run, and heaven knows I can’t afford dry cleaning for that many scarves right now.

Posted in Antiquing Adventures, Ruminating, Reminiscing, & Rambling | 2 Comments

The Best Black-Eyed Peas Recipe in the World

This is a ridiculous recipe (you know it is the instant you see “First Day . . . Second Day . . . Third Day”).  But it’s the very bestest recipe in the entire world for blackeyed peas. It’s from The Nashville Cookbook, published in 1976 by the Nashville Area Home Economics Association (an altogether worthy volume that exemplifies classic Southern cooking — indubitably a must-buy, if you can find it). These are on page 66.

Now, don’t be intimidated by the length of time these take to cook (it’s mostly hands-off). They’re quite easy — and cheap! — and they just require some planning.  I’ve made them a couple times for New Year’s Day (since all Southerners know that you must have black-eyed peas on New Year’s Day).  I’m making them right now, to have with cornbread in a couple days.  And I thought it all smelled way too good not to share. And by the way, these are, in my not-so-humble opinion, much better than the black-eyed peas that Cracker Barrel makes on New Year’s.  If you find a tastier peas recipe than this one, let me know — but I don’t think you will.

Southern Black-Eyed Peas

  • About 2 lb. ham shank (including skin and bone) — I used smoked ham hocks
  • 1/4-1/2 lb. smoked hog jowl (today, since Kroger didn’t have that, I used bacon)
  • 2 lb. black-eyed peas
  • 2 large onions, diced
  • 1 large green pepper, diced
  • 2 tsp. dry mustard
  • 1 tsp. salt
  • 1/2 tsp. black pepper

First day: Cover the ham shank and hog jowl with cold water in a 4-qt pot and boil gently for two hours or until the meat comes off the bone easily.  (It’s really good if you pull the meat off the bone, so you can include it in the peas later.) Chill overnight.

Second day: Skim off most of the hardened fat. Discard the fat, skin, and bones, reserving the liquid. Add dried, washed, black-eyed peas (removing the brown ones, pebbles, etc.) and soak them overnight. Use two pounds of peas to four quarts of water.

Third day: Add the remaining ingredients (onions, peppers, dry mustard, salt, and pepper).  Bring to a rapid boil, cover, and simmer three hours on low heat, stirring frequently.  The secret of the taste lies in soaking the beans in the ham-flavored liquid.

Note: This makes a huge amount (I found this out the hard way when I made them for Jonathan and me a couple years ago).  This time, I’m cutting the recipe in half and plan to freeze a lot of it.

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